The Handmaids Tales rapturous reception on the small screen reminds us of its ever-energetic authors spooky prescience
Once or twice in a generation, a novel is suggested that vaults out of the literary corral to become a phenomenon, familiar to people the world over who have never read the book: George Orwells 1984 is one and Margaret Atwoods The Handmaids Tale is another.
So its perhaps not surprising that a new 10 -part TV series based on the novel has struck a chord. Starring Elisabeth Moss as handmaid Offred, the series launched in the US last month and comes to the UK later this month trailing superlatives.
At 77, Atwood blends the loftiness of a high priestess who does not suffer fools gladly with an unstinting generosity to those she deems not to be foolish. She is a passionate environmentalist, with a particular interest in birds, which she shares with her husband, Graeme Gibson.
If her determination to live by her principles occasionally seems incidentally comic as when she embarked by barge on an international tour of a stage show publicising the second novel of her MaddAddam trilogy, The Year of the Flood she also brings to her politics a healthy dose of intentional humour.
On a recent visit to her Toronto home, her longtime UK publisher Lennie Goodings was astonished to satisfy her carrying a paper bag bulging with four big rubber turkeys. She depicted them to me with that funny, head on a tilt, wicked smile of hers. They squawked when she pressed them. It turned out that she and Gibson were about to present the prizes at an annual RSPB competition. The wins each receive a rubber turkey from Margaret, at which point she conducts them in a squeezing squawking choir.
Atwood tracings her concern with the environment back to a childhood spent criss-crossing the woods of Canada with her entomologist parent. She was the second of three children, and the familys itinerant lifestyle meant that she did not go to full-time school until she was eight years old. She began publishing her verse while a student at the University of Toronto, won her first major literary award for a poetry collecting published in 1964, and three collectings subsequently diversified into fiction in 1969 with The Edible Woman, about a woman driven mad by consumerism.
She is a very hands-on person, says Goodings, a fellow Canadian, who has been her publisher at at the feminist imprint Virago since 1979. Her self-sufficiency comes from her childhood but also from her involvement in the early days of CanLit[ Canadian Literature ]. She designed her own cover for her first volume of verse, The Circle Game, with the red dots you buy at stationery shops. In the early days of Virago she enjoyed and learned alongside us bookshop point-of-sale material such as shelf strips and dumpbins.
Once she and I travelled in a taxi to an event with a large cardboard female a replica of the figure on the covering of[ her 1988 novel] Cats Eye. She loved it.
Her hands-on approach has carried her energetically into the digital era. As an internationally successful author who has been awarded 24 honorary degrees in six different countries, been shortlisted five times for the Booker prize( winning it in 2000 for The Blind Assassin ), and who was more recently invited to Norway to bury a manuscript for 100 years as the first participant in The Future Library project, she faced the tricky issue of a gargantuan carbon footprint. She tackled it by inventing the LongPen, which enabled her at least to do volume signings without leaving her home.
Her penultimate novel, The Heart Goes Last, began its life on the fanfiction platform Wattpad, and she has 1.6 million Twitter adherents, to whom she tweets a dozen times a day on subjects ranging from the urgent need to protect the monarch butterfly to the vilification of Hilary Clinton.
She has also made cameo appearances in The Handmaids Tale, and as an apocalypse survivor on Zombies, Run !, a fitness app combining an audio drama with an immersive jogging game, which was been developed by her protege, the English novelist and gaming wizard Naomi Alderman.
The two were brought together through a mentoring scheme run by Rolex. Four of us got flown out to Canada to fulfilled her and I suppose she picked me because I was funny, says Alderman, who credits Atwood with the convent set of her latest fiction, The Power, which is in the running for the Baileys prize. Shes genuinely involved me in her family in a way I hadnt expected. Ive been bird watch in Cuba with her brother and his wife, and to the Arctic.
Atwood has said she was reluctant to get involved with the strategy, and some of her more institutional mentoring relationships have been less encouraging. As a instructor she was pretty hectoring, says one former student on a creative writing MA. She read all our first chapters and we each had one grilling with her about our books. Almost every question she asked was, And then what happens? And then what happens? so I guess plot is pretty important.
Her abrasive side has also been evident in run-ins with the science fiction community as to which genre her novels are all part of, insisting that they are speculative fiction on the basis that: Science fiction has monsters and spaceships; speculative fiction could really happen.
The veteran SF novelist Ursula K Le Guin countered in a Guardian review: To my intellect, The Handmaids Tale, Oryx and Crake and now The Year of the Flood all exemplify one of the things science fiction does, which is to extrapolate imaginatively from current trends and events to a near-future thats half prediction, half irony.
Published in the mid-1 980 s, with a Canadians mounting discouragement at the religion resurgence she was observing over the border in the United States, The Handmaids Tale, a story of a theocratic country in which young lady are treated as brood mares by a brutal revolutionary elite, has become a staple of the school curriculum in the English-speaking world.
In the late 20 th century, when advances in feminism seemed irreversible, it seemed a cautionary tale of what might have been. At the Hay festival in 2003, Atwood herself argued that it had less general relevance than the first fiction in what was to become her MaddAddam trilogy about a world facing the consequences of environmental meltdown. Oryx and Crake, she said, addressed global issues whereas The Handmaids Tale was specifically about America.
But three decades after The Handmaids Tale was published, there are many all-too-real places where the denizens of the fictional republic of Gilead would feel at home, from Donald Trumps increasingly authoritarian and misogynistic US where protesters against two abortion-related bills turned up at the Texas senate in March garmented in the long red robes and white bonnets of Atwoods handmaids to a Nigeria in which schoolgirls are kidnapped en masse, and a growing number of theocratic states across Asia and the Middle East.
The Year of The Flood, published in 2009, features Gods Gardeners, a religious sect devoted to the melding of science, religion, and nature, whose hymn-singing was enacted in a curious roadshow.
Atwood herself opened the prove, intoning on a monotone from a wooden throne. As Diana Quick, one of the performers, recollects: Peggy was rather eerie on that funny promo production because she had written all their hymns of kudo and she took to blessing everyone, as it were, ex cathedra. I believe she had had great hopes for it and was quite stage struck, and then disappointed in the execution of the piece.
Perhaps we were too far away to see that wicked smile, though an endnote to the fiction would suggest not. In it, Atwood invited readers to listen to the Gardeners hymns on her website and to use them for amateur devotional or environmental purposes. If she sometimes takes herself instead too seriously, she has surely earned the right to do so over a 60 -book career which indicates no sign of ceasing to produce spookily prescient books.
Anyone inclined to argue that The Handmaids Tale is still a parochial parable should consider its relevance to even supposedly liberal societies in an era of a mass surveillance that would have been unthinkable when the novel was write. Like the citizens of Gilead, we have internalised the distorted logic of Atwoods sinister Aunt Lydia, the apparently kindly supervisor who is actually a country stooge. There is more than one kind of liberty. Freedom to and liberty from, she says. In the days of anarchy, it was freedom to. Now you are being given freedom from. Dont underrate it. As Orwell virtually said, Big Sister is Watching You.
Born: 18 November 1939
Career: Started out as a poet and has to date written nearly 60 books for adults and children. She has also produced opera libretti, television scripts and a graphic novel.
High point: Winning the Booker prize in 2000 with The Blind Assassin, the fourth of her novels to be shortlisted.
Low phase: The Handmaids Tale has been censored from schools and libraries all over the US for being anti-Christian and sexually lurid and has appeared on the 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books for the last 20 years.
What she says : Optimism entails better than reality; despair means worse than reality. Im a realist. What they say : The National Book Critics Circle of America dedicated her a lifetime achievement awarding this year for her groundbreaking fiction, environmental and feminist activism, and service to community as a co-founder of the Writer Trust of Canada.
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